Vigna mungo, black gram, urad bean, minapa pappu, mungo bean or black matpe bean (māṣa) is a bean grown in the Indian subcontinent. At one time it was considered to belong to the same species as the mung bean. The product sold as black lentil is usually the whole urad bean, whereas the split bean (the interior being white) is called white lentil. It should not to be confused with the much smaller true black lentil (Lens culinaris).
Black gram originated in India, where it has been in cultivation from ancient times and is one of the most highly prized pulses of India and Pakistan. It is very widely used in Punjabi cuisine and is often referred to as maah di daal in the native language by Punjabis. The Coastal Andhra region in Andhra Pradesh is famous for black gram. The Guntur District ranks first in Andhra Pradesh for the production of black gram. Black gram has also been introduced to other tropical areas such as the Caribbean, Fiji, Mauritius, and Africa, mainly by Indian immigrants.
Black gram is very nutritious as it contains high levels of protein (25g/100g), potassium (983 mg/100g), calcium (138 mg/100g), iron (7.57 mg/100g), niacin (1.447 mg/100g), Thiamine (0.273 mg/100g), and riboflavin (0.254 mg/100g). Black gram complements the essential amino acids provided in most cereals and plays an important role in the diets of the people of Nepal and India. Black gram has been shown to be useful in mitigating elevated cholesterol levels.
12 Amazing Benefits
1. Supply Energy
Supplying energy is known as the first one of the health benefits of black gram. Due to the significant level of iron, it is really ideal for boosting energy and increasing vitality thereby keeping you energetic and active all the day long. More clearly, iron is the key element in the process of producing red blood cells then the oxygenated blood flow will be stimulated to the organs throughout the body. Iron the consumption of black gram with a high level of iron can aid in preventing anemia that is characterized by the weakness, cognitive weakness, and fatigue.
It is very clear that iron is very important for women, particularly who are undergoing going menstruation as this is the period of iron deficiency. Therefore, it is advised to add black gram to the daily diet of women on the whole. Or in other words, the frequent consumption of this bean helps considerably boost energy as it builds the iron stores for the body.
2. Improve Digestion
Similar to other kinds of beans, black gram aids in the digestive process so much. It is due to the high level of fiber, both of soluble and insoluble fiber, presented in this bean that helps deal with any gastrointestinal issues thereby improving the digestion.
The consumption of fiber, as well as black gram, aids in boosting peristaltic motion and bulking up the stool, which significantly reduces some symptoms of diarrhea and constipation, cramping, bloating, and other more serious disorders related to your gut. In addition, this fiber content helps optimize the absorption of nutrients from your meals, thus, your body will receive enough essential nutrients for the healthy growth.
3. Improve Heart Health
The next one of the health benefits of black gram is improving the heart health. It is due to the presence of fiber, magnesium, and potassium in this lentil. The fiber plays an important role in balancing the cholesterol level then preventing atherosclerosis. Meanwhile, the potassium content helps regulate the effects of sodium thereby reducing the blood pressure level as well as decreasing the tension on blood arteries and vessels.
Moreover, other nutrients such as magnesium and folate presented in black gram are very helpful in preventing damage to the arterial walls thereby stimulating the circulation. Magnesium, in combination with iron, boosts the blood circulation, which helps the heart and cardiovascular systems function properly with the optimum best.
In addition, black gram considerably aids in reducing lipid and cholesterol level in your body. More clearly, black gram may treat hyperlipidemia, a risk factor for cardiovascular and atherosclerosis diseases. And it is able to inhibit the absorbing procedure of lipids and cholesterol from the daily diet.
4. Treat Nervous Disorders
Black gram is also used to deal with some nervous related problems such as nervous weakness, hysteria, schizophrenia, or memory weakness. It is quite hard to treat these conditions completely but getting a relief is possible by consuming healthy food like black gram. Just mentioning to its rich source of vitamins and minerals that maintain the good health, black gram can also refresh your mind and keep you always alert.
5. Treat Diabetes
Treating diabetes is known as another of the health benefits of black gram. It also relates to the fiber content of this type of bean seeds, which makes it suitable for those suffering from diabetes or being at the risk of raising the disorder. Fiber plays a role in very regulating the absorption of nutrients thereby balancing the levels of glucose and insulin in the blood. As a result, diabetes can be controlled by preventing these dangerous spikes within the levels especially after each meal.
Moreover, black gram is considered as a home remedy for reversing diabetes. It is advised to consume black gram along with a ½ cup of bitter gourd juice (add honey as your favorite) daily for a few months. By this way, the unnecessary advantages of carbohydrates will be confined.
6. Relieve Inflammation
Relieving the pain and inflammation is one of the health benefits of black gram. It is known as the oldest and most reliable remedies for this condition. Black gram is especially believed in dealing with the joint pain due to its powerful anti-inflammatory property. Besides, the combination of essential vitamins and minerals presented in black gram that aids in stimulating the metabolism and reducing the oxidative stress helps relieve any irritated areas.
As a recommendation of using black gram for inflammation treatment, an extract of this lentil or a decoction made of black gram is a good one. It can be applied to the aching joints to get a fast relief. More clearly, you should boil some black gram in combination with sesame oil and rock salt to make a decoction then use it for the affected areas to decrease the pain and inflammation, particularly the joint pain and arthritis.
7. Improve Bone Health
Black gram contains a variety of proteins and minerals such as calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and phosphorous that are all essential to maintain the bone mineral density and encourage its growth.
In fact, the joints become weaker and the bones begin to be easily broken down when aging, which increases the risks of arthritis and osteoporosis. Nevertheless, the rich nutrients and minerals presented in this lentil help prevent these problems and strengthen the bones thereby making them invulnerable to any breakages or fractures. In brief, you should take benefits of black gram and include it in your daily diet to supply enough essential mineral for the strength and growth of your bones.
8. Build Muscles
Black gram is also highly recommended to those who want to improve their muscles, which is one of the benefits of black gram. The rich source of protein along with this lentil makes it ideal for the strength and development of the whole body including stimulating the muscle tissue build. Not only men but also women are advised to consume black gram on a regular basis to improve their muscles, which keeps them stronger and look more attractive.
9. Being Good For Pregnant Women
Supporting the women health during the pregnancy is known as the next one of the health benefits of black gram.
Pregnant women are highly recommended to add this type of bean seeds to their daily diet because it contains high nutritional value that is good for both mom and baby. The most important element may be iron that is necessary to create hemoglobin and improve the blood flow. Besides, black gram is also rich in protein, fiber, and other essential nutrients like folic acid that is great for both the expecting mother but and the fetus as it is helpful in avoiding birth defects. Also, black gram stimulates milk secretion in the mothers as well.
10. Being Good For Male Reproductive System
Not only be black gram good for pregnant women but it is also food for the male reproductive system. This kind of bean seeds is considered as a natural aphrodisiac because it can treat sexual dysfunction. All you have to do is soaking black gram in water for 5 hours then frying it in some of the ghee. You should have the particular pulse to get a healthy sex life.
11. Improve Skin Health
Apart from various benefits of black gram for the internal health, this kind of bean seeds is also helpful in caring the health of skin and hair. With a precious source of vitamins and minerals, black gram is really ideal for soothing inflammation, removing beauty marks, stimulating skin healing and exfoliation, and boosting the oxygenated blood flow to the skin surface. Therefore, it relieves the pain of sunburns, decrease the tan intensity, and reduce the risks of acne, which makes the skin look young and soft. People usually use black gram for the hair care as the follow ways:
To exfoliate the skin: use black gram as a natural scrub to remove the grime, dirt, and all dead skin cells so as to get a fresh and supple skin.
To lighten the skin tone: use black gram to lighten the skin tone due to its natural bleaching qualities. The pulse made from black gram containing a variety of nutrients helps maintain the skin health.
To treat acne: use cool black gram water for natural washing to clean the pores and remove the extra oils thereby treating the acne. Plus, the natural germ- killing properties presented in black gram kills the bacteria that cause acne.
To remove tan and heal sunburn: Black gram gives a cooling effect to the skin thereby removing the suntan. Meanwhile, its skin- lightening properties help remove the tan.
To reduce skin spots: consume black gram to relieve the age spots and acne scars due to its anti-bacterial qualities. This kind of bean seeds can also help regenerate skin cells thereby bringing a fantastic cure and keeping skin look young.
12. Care Hair
Another of the benefits of black gram is aiding in the hair care. It is really useful when used for dry and frizzy hair and treating dandruff.
To combat dry and frizzy hair: use black gram to manage the dry brittle hair due to its rich source of minerals and fatty acids that help revive the hair luster. Also, it can condition the hair and make it look shiny.
To eliminate dandruff: use black gram in a paste form in combination with green gram paste to apply to the hair. By this way, dandruff will be eliminated and the hair will be strengthened, cleaned, and softened.
Note: The consumption of black gram can considerably raise the uric acid levels in the body. Therefore, it is not recommended for those suffering from gout, gallstones, or kidney stones. You can also consult your medical professional before adding it to your daily diet to avoid any unexpected side effects.