Celery is one of the traditional Mediterranean herbs recognized for its strong aromatic flavor, which it imparts to a variety of cuisines. It is a small biennial herbaceous plant originated in Europe. It can be grown quickly as a potherb in the home gardens for its flavorful leaves, shoots, roots, and seeds.
Botanically, celery belongs to the family of Apiaceae, of the genus; Apium, and known scientifically as Apium graveolens.
It is a small plant; reaching about half a meter in height and requires fertile, moisture rich soil to flourish.
Celery herb bears umbelliform flowers at the top of the stalk in the second year. An edible cluster of long, dark-green, somewhat hollow stems grows upright from the crown of the plant. Its leaves have the similar appearance to that of flat-leaf parsley. Several cultivars exist:
1. wild celery, the parent of the cultivated stalk-celery (A. graveolens dulce),
2. Leaf-celery (A. graveolens secalinum), and,
3. celeriac or knob celery (A. graveolens rapaceum).
Chinese celery or oriental variety features thin, hollow, succulent stalks. Its leaves and stalks carry more intense flavor than the continental variety.
Celery seeds, used as a spice, are similar in appearance to cumin seeds. They feature dark-brown color, oblong shape with thin vertical ridges; and flavor that is strongly aromatic.
10 Amazing Benefits
1. LOWERS INFLAMMATION
Celery is loaded with polysaccharides and antioxidants. The antioxidants have the ability to cure free-radical damage that contributes to inflammation. Chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer or arthritis are caused by inflammation.
Celery has a dozen types of beneficial antioxidants such as ferulic acid, caffeicacid, and quecetin. Celery is an effective home remedy for a wide range of inflammatory conditions, including liver and kidney infections, bout, joint pain, irritable bowel syndrome, skin disorders and urinary tract infections.
2. REDUCES HIGH CHOLESTEROL
Regular consumption of celery is effective in reducing high cholesterol. You can add celery to your diet to help protect and improve heart health. 3-n-butylphthalide (BuPh), a unique compound present in celery, has alipid-lowering effect. Taking celery supplements can reduce lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol and triglyceride concentration.
3. TREATS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
High blood pressure may increase the risk of coronary heart disease that results in mortality. Fortunately, there are a number of home remedies and natural treatments for high blood pressure. Celery seed extracts can treat high blood pressure because of their anti-hypertensive properties. Celery is loaded with potassium and calcium. And the muscle relaxant effect of celery can help to control blood pressure. Celery extract can improve your overall heart health.
4. PREVENTS LIVER DISEASES
Celery is an ideal liver cleansing food. Regular consumption of celery can help protect kidney health and prevent liver diseases. Celery is high in vitamin C, B, and A and iron. Containing diuretic properties, celery can remove toxins, wastes, and contaminants from your body.
5. AIDS IN WEIGHT LOSS
Celery is included in a list of foods for weight loss because it’s low in calories. Regular consumption of celery can provide essential minerals, vitamins, and vital nutrients. It boosts lipid metabolism and is rich in electrolytes, antioxidants, potassium, B vitamins and vitamin C.
6. FIGHTS INFECTIONS
Celery seeds contain antibacterial and antimicrobial properties and has been used to fight infections for centuries. The use of celery extract fights bacterial infections, improves the immune system and inhibits bacterial growth.
7. CURES BLOATING AND IMPROVES DIGESTION
The diuretic effect of celery brings a number of digestive benefits. Eating celery can treat water retention, relieve bloating and boost digestion. Celery is effective in reducing blood pressure because it contains anti-hypertension properties.
8. REDUCES THE RISK OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
Celery has the ability to boost urine production and decrease uric acid; therefore, eating celery on a regular basis can help prevent bacterial infections within the digestive tract and reproductive organs. Like cranberries, celery is an effective home remedy for bladder disorders, urinary tract infections, kidney problems and cysts on the reproductive organs.
9. KEEPS CANCER AT BAY
Celery is one of the cancer-protective vegetables that also include fennel, carrots, parsnips, and parsley. Celery contains polyacetylenes that are chemoprotective compounds. Polyacetylenes can remove toxins and help prevent cancer formation, especially intestinal cancer, breast cancer and leukemia.
Polyacetylenes boost the immune system and inhibit the growth of cancer tumor. Moreover, polyacetylenes are well-known for its bioactivities such as antiplatelet-aggregatory, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antibacterial and cytotoxic properties.
10. PREVENT ULCERS
Regular consumption of celery can help prevent and treat painful ulcers. A special type of ethanol extract in celery is effective in preventing the formation of ulcers in the lining of the digestive tract.
Celery contains tannins, flavonoids, alkaloids and volatile oils that are beneficial chemical constituents in celery. These chemical constituents have the ability to nourish the colon, stomach, and intestines.